RxSwift

2021-10-07  ·  Tech Swift,RxSwift

Rx is a generic abstraction of computation expressed through Observable<Element> interface, which lets you broadcast and subscribe to values and other events from an Observable stream.

RxSwift is the Swift-specific implementation of the Reactive Extensions standard.

While this version aims to stay true to the original spirit and naming conventions of Rx, this projects also aims to provide a true Swift-first API for Rx APIs.

Cross platform documentation can be found on ReactiveX.io.

Like other Rx implementation, RxSwift's intention is to enable easy composition of asynchronous operations and streams of data in the form of Observable objects and a suite of methods to transform and compose these pieces of asynchronous work.

KVO observation, async operations, UI Events and other streams of data are all unified under abstraction of sequence. This is the reason why Rx is so simple, elegant and powerful.

I came here because I want to ...

... understand
... install
... hack around
... interact
... compare
... understand the structure

RxSwift is as compositional as the asynchronous work it drives. The core unit is RxSwift itself, while other dependencies can be added for UI Work, testing, and more.

It comprises five separate components depending on each other in the following way:

┌──────────────┐    ┌──────────────┐
│   RxCocoa    ├────▶   RxRelay    │
└───────┬──────┘    └──────┬───────┘
        │                  │        
┌───────▼──────────────────▼───────┐
│             RxSwift              │
└───────▲──────────────────▲───────┘
        │                  │        
┌───────┴──────┐    ┌──────┴───────┐
│    RxTest    │    │  RxBlocking  │
└──────────────┘    └──────────────┘

Usage

Requirements

For Xcode 11 and below, use RxSwift 5.x.

Installation

RxSwift doesn't contain any external dependencies.

These are currently the supported installation options:

Manual

Open Rx.xcworkspace, choose RxExample and hit run. This method will build everything and run the sample app

CocoaPods

# Podfile
use_frameworks!

target 'YOUR_TARGET_NAME' do
    pod 'RxSwift', '6.1.0'
    pod 'RxCocoa', '6.1.0'
end

# RxTest and RxBlocking make the most sense in the context of unit/integration tests
target 'YOUR_TESTING_TARGET' do
    pod 'RxBlocking', '6.1.0'
    pod 'RxTest', '6.1.0'
end

Replace YOUR_TARGET_NAME and then, in the Podfile directory, type:

$ pod install

XCFrameworks

Each release starting with RxSwift 6 includes *.xcframework framework binaries.

Simply drag the needed framework binaries to your Frameworks, Libraries, and Embedded Content section under your target's General tab.

Note: If you're using RxCocoa, be sure to also drag RxCocoaRuntime.xcframework before importing RxCocoa.

Carthage

Add this to Cartfile

github "ReactiveX/RxSwift" "6.1.0"
$ carthage update

Carthage as a Static Library

Carthage defaults to building RxSwift as a Dynamic Library.

If you wish to build RxSwift as a Static Library using Carthage you may use the script below to manually modify the framework type before building with Carthage:

carthage update RxSwift --platform iOS --no-build
sed -i -e 's/MACH_O_TYPE = mh_dylib/MACH_O_TYPE = staticlib/g' Carthage/Checkouts/RxSwift/Rx.xcodeproj/project.pbxproj
carthage build RxSwift --platform iOS

Swift Package Manager

Note: There is a critical cross-dependency bug affecting many projects including RxSwift in Swift Package Manager. We've filed a bug (SR-12303) in early 2020 but have no answer yet. Your mileage may vary. A partial workaround can be found here.

Create a Package.swift file.

// swift-tools-version:5.0

import PackageDescription

let package = Package(
  name: "RxTestProject",
  dependencies: [
    .package(url: "https://github.com/ReactiveX/RxSwift.git", .exact("6.1.0"))
  ],
  targets: [
    .target(name: "RxTestProject", dependencies: ["RxSwift", "RxCocoa"])
  ]
)
$ swift build

To build or test a module with RxTest dependency, set TEST=1.

$ TEST=1 swift test

Manually using git submodules

$ git submodule add git@github.com:ReactiveX/RxSwift.git

References